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Cristina Gallardo-Domas is a soprano, born in Santiago, Chile, who frequently performs in operas by Puccini.

Gallardo-Domas made her debut as Madama Butterfly in 1990 at the Municipal Theatre in Santiago and, three years later, began performing in opera houses in Europe, making her La Scala debut in 1993 in La Rondine.

Gallardo-Domas' many Puccini performances incWeb制作lude: Turandot and Madama Butterfly at the Metropolitan Opera, Vienna State Opera, and Royal Opera House; La boheme at the Metropolitan Opera, La Scala, and Paris Opera; Manon Lescaut at the Zurich Opera and Los Angeles Opera; Simon Boccanegra at Vienna State Opera, Bavarian State Opera, and the Palau de las Arts in Valencia; and Suor Angelica at Amsterdam's Concertgebouw and Teatro Colon.

Gallardo-Domas is known for her Madama Butterfly and was featured in the heavily promoted new production of this work that opened the 2006/2007 season at the Metropolitan Opera and marked the beginning of Peter Gelb's tenure as General Manager of the Met.

According to her website she was personally chosen by the director, Anthony Minghella, for this role, having successfully performed it previously at the Royal Opera.

Gallardo-Domas received a degree with honors in music from the Escuela Moderna de Musica in Santiago and also studied at the Juilliard School in New York.

She has been recognized with top cultural honors in Chile: the Gabriela Mistral Award and the Gran Cruz Apostol Santiago. She has also won top prizes in singing competitions.


Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (called a libretto) and musical score.

Opera is part of the Western clasクレジットカードsical music tradition.

Opera incorporates many of the elements of spoken theatre, such as acting, sceneyahoory and costumes and sometimes includes dance.

The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble.

Opera started in Italy at the end of the 16th century (with Jacopo Peri's lost Dafne, produced in Florence around 1597) and soon spread through the rest of Europe: Schutz in Germany, Lully in France, and Purcell in England all helped to establish their national traditions in the 17th century.

However, in the 18th century, Italian opera continued to dominate most of Europe, except France, attracting foreign composers such as Handel.

Today the most renowned figure of late 18th century opera is Mozart, who began with opera seria but is most famous for his Italian comic operas, especially The Marriage of Figaro, Don Giovanni, and Cosi fan tutte, as well as The Magic Flute, a landmark in the German tradition.

The first third of the 19th century saw the highpoint of the bel canto style, with Rossini, Donizetti and Bellini all creating works that are still performed today. It also saw the advent of Grand Opera typified by the works of Meyerbeer.

The mid to late 19th century was a "golden age" of opera, led and dominated by Wagner in Germany and Verdi in Italy.

The popularity of opera continued through the verismo era in Italy and contemporary French opera through to Puccini and Strauss in the early 20th century.

During the 19th century, parallel operatic traditions emerged in central and eastern Europe, particularly in Russia and Bohemia.

With the rise of recording technology, singers such as Enrico Caruso became known to audiences beyond the circle of opera fans. Operas were also performed on (and written for) radio and television.